Sustainability

Tentative program

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Tuesday June 8

9:00-10:30 (SE)
16:00-17:30 (JP)

WELCOME to MIRAI2.0 Sustainability Scientific Sessions
Björn-Ola Linnér, Professor, Linköping University and Shunsuke Managi, Professor, Kyushu University

KEYNOTE LECTURES

Jan Pettersson, Professor, Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Gothenburg
COVID-19 and Agenda 2030 – short- and long-term impact of the pandemic on sustainable development

Yukihiro Takahashi, Professor, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University
Contribution of advanced remote sensing with microsatellite to a sustainable environment

 

20 MIN BREAK


10:50-12:30 (SE)
17:50-19:30 (JP)

SUSTAINABILITY TRANSFORMATION
Session Chair: Prof. Hiroki Takakura, Tohoku University

Plenary: Avit Bhowmik,
Assistant Professor, Risk and Environmental Studies, Karlstad University 
Exponential Climate Action Roadmaps for Industries and Business –Why, with what and how?
(25mins incl Q&A)


Contributed talks by young researchers from Sweden and Japan (4 x 10 min):

Dahlia Simangan, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University
Florian Krampe, Senior Researcher and Director of Climate Change and Risk Programme, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Peace and Sustainability in the Anthropocene: Implications for Post-Conflict Peacebuilding”
Q&A

Carolin Zorell, Senior lecturer, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University
Causes and effects of social tipping points for sustainable consumption
Q&A

15 MIN BREAK


Tetsuya Horie, Professor, Department of Economics, Sophia University
Success and Failure of a Voluntary Action Plan: Disaggregated Sector Decomposition Analysis of Energy-related CO2 Emissions in Japan
Q&A

Marcus Gustafsson, Assistant professor, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Linköping University
Dimensions and characteristics of biogas policies
Q&A


Wednesday June 9

9:00-10:40 (SE)
16:00-17:40 (JP)

AESSMENT METHODS FOR NEGATIVE EMISSIONS & SUSTAINABILITY TRANSFORMATION
Session Chair: Magnus Lestelius, Professor, Karlstad University

Plenary: Shigenori Fujikawa, Professor, International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research, Kyushu University
A New Strategy of Negative Carbon Emissions by membranes for Ubiquitous CO2 capture
(25 min incl Q&A)


Contributed talks by young researchers from Sweden and Japan (4 x 10 min)

Jonathan Roques, PhD, Faculty of Science, University of Gothenburg
Mariculture technical innovations in Sweden
Q&A

Sebastian Danielache, Associate Professor, Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University
Sulfur Aerosol Negative feedbacks to the planetary radiation budget
Q&A

10 MIN BREAK


Irina Mancheva, PhD, Department of Political Science, Umeå University
The Implementation of EU water-related policies through collaborative approaches: a comparison between Finland and Sweden [ST]
Q&A

Ju Yiyi, Assistant Professor, Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, Waseda University
Role of Carbon Capture and Storage in the Industrial Decarbonization Under Japan’s National Mitigation Scenarios: A Multi-Model Comparison
Q&A

Cornelius Holtorf, Professor, Department of Cultural Sciences, Linnaues University
All change please: cultural heritage and sustainability [ST]
Q&A

11:00-12:40 (SE)
18:00-19:40 (JP)


CLIMATE AND SECURITY & SUSTAINABLE TRANSFORMATION
Session Chair: Carina Keskitalo, Professor, Umeå University

Plenary: Ayyoob Sharifi, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University
Climate-induced stressors to peace
(25 min incl Q&A)


Contributed talks by young researchers from Sweden and Japan (4 x 10 min)

Margo Enthoven, Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Technology, Stockholm School of Economics
The public procurement of functions: a stepping stone towards a sustainable future! [ST]
Q&A

Noriko Uchida, Assistant Professor, International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University
Biodiversity monitoring towards sustainable infrastructure
Q&A

10 MIN BREAK


Joaquin Cestino, Postdoctoral researcher, Jönköping International Business School
Entrepreneurship and the continued expression of institutional values during industry disruption: Journalism new ventures and community reporting in news desserts. [ST]
Q&A

Jing Guo, Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
Urban infrastructure adaptation to climate change
Q&A

Ali Mohammadi, Senior lecturer, Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad University
Blended biofuel pellets for boilers using Miscanthus biomass produced in the soil amended with biochar [ST]
Q&A


Thursday June 10


Workshop

9:00-12:00 (SE)
16:00-19:00 (JP)

How to plan your research impact with UCD impact planning canvas

Impact Planning Canvas is a tool for identifying the possible impact and planning for how you can achieve it in the best way. Based on research results and on the researcher’s terms. After an introduction of the concept as well as being introduced to the tool you will have the possibility to use your own research as a base for the exercise. The session will be held in break-out room where practical help and guidance from an experience innovation advisor will be given for individual support.

Facilitator: Urban Bergquist, Innovation Adviser, Linnaeus University



Academia/Industry Matchmaking event

9:00-12:00 (SE)
16:00-19:00 (JP)

Artificial intelligence and the future of healthcare for older populations

The MIRAI2.0 Innovation and Entrepreneurship Advisory Group (IEAG) organises a matchmaking event that will offer a great opportunity for academics, researchers, and industrial players from both countries to network, present research progress and address new challenges, while identifying potential ideas for future collaboration and seed projects.

Following the event, VINNOVA, the Swedish government innovation agency, will launch a call for proposals to award funding to new collaborations between Sweden and Japan in AI, Ageing, Sustainability, Material Science and Innovation/Entrepreneurship.

Friday June 11


08:30-10:30 (SE)
15:30-17:30 (JP)

SUSTAINABLE TRANSFORMATION & ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR NEGATIVE EMISSIONS
Session Chair: Guangwei Huang, Professor, Sophia University

Talks by young researchers from Sweden and Japan
(7 x 10 mins + Q&A)

Alexander Ryota Keeley, Assistant Professor, Technology and Policy Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Kyushu University
Measuring Environment, Social, Economic Impact of Energy Technologies Considering Supply Chain – A Novel Integrated Assessment Method [NE]
Q&A

Kajsa-Stina Benulic, Post doc researcher, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Linköping University
Determinants of leadership for transformative climate action [ST]
Q&A

Shiho Ishikawa, Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Sustainable Material Cycle Systems, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University
New-age Biogas Power Generation Systems Employing Methane Fermentation
Q&A

Joel Sundström, Post doc, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology
Towards a more flexible utilization of hydropower using theoretical analyses and experimental studies [ST]
Q&A

15 MIN BREAK


Yosuke Washiya, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Education, Tohoku University
Imagining the future from ethnographic field(work) on bear hunters in Northern Japan
Q&A

Malgorzata Blicharska, Associate Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, Uppsala University
The North-South divide in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals [ST]
Q&A

Hidemichi Fujii, Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Kyushu University
Evaluation of Innovation for Sustainable Development and Circular Economy Practice”
Q&A

Conclusion of sustainability scientific session (5 mins)



Closing Ceremony

10:45-12:00 (SE)
17:45-19:00 (JP)

Reporting from parallel scientific sessions (all topics)

Information about funding opportunities

Closing remarks

 

SPEAKERS


Jan Pettersson

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Gothenburg

Jan Pettersson is a Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Gothenburg and Director of the Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development (GMV) at University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. He has been involved in a wide range of research activities ranging from fundamental research to applied work related to air quality, climate research, and the development of efficient combustion and gasification technology. On-going innovation includes the development of new methods for fundamental studies of gas-surface interactions, development of new mass spectrometers for aerosol research and industrial applications, and the development of new instruments for alkali, tar and particle measurements in biomass combustion and gasification in collaboration with national and international partners. Current research interests are directed towards sustainability science and multi-disciplinary research activities.

COVID-19 and Agenda 2030: short- and long-term impact of the pandemic on sustainable development
The covid-19 pandemic has resulted in a global disruption that has a significant impact on our ability to reach the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) until 2030. This presentation takes a broad perspective on Agenda 2030 and the seventeen SDGs, and will address short-term effects and long-term implications. The pandemic has brought about numerous changes and major trends will be discussed. The pandemic is yet to be defeated and recoveries are diverging across countries depending on the means available and approaches taken. Climate change and increased digitalisation are additional dimensions that change the conditions. Despite the situation, the reconstruction after covid-19 means an opportunity for adjustment towards a society that to a greater extent takes into account people’s living conditions, climate and the environment. The pandemic has also paved the way for more science-informed decision-making, and the role of universities to help develop effective policies and accelerate innovation will be addressed.


Yukihiro Takahashi

Professor
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University

Contribution of advanced remote sensing with microsatellite to a sustainable environment
Remote-sensing from space is an excellent measure to monitor the broad area in a short period. Global issues, such as food problem, pollution in soil, water area and air, natural hazard, climate change, could be solved or mitigated by frequent and precise monitoring. Therefore, satellite has a great potential to contribute to realization of sustainable environment. However, because it’s very expensive and takes a long time for development, the space technology has been occupied only by big space agencies in developed countries. Now the situation is changing rapidly and drastically.  Micro-satellite weighting 50kg or less is becoming one of the practical means in remote-sensing and communications. In our case, such micro-satellite costs only 1/100 of conventional larger satellite and the developing time could be less than one year, much shorter than that of big satellite, sometimes needing more than 10 years from idea to launch. Thanks to the application of advanced technologies, the performance of spectral camera onboard our micro-satellite is even better than those onboard existing big satellites, which provides very precise information, for example, on the disease of crops.

Our team consisting of Hokkaido and Tohoku Universities’ members developed and launched six 50 kg-class micro-satellites with cutting-edge optical sensors with a high probability of success. Two of them were supported and 100 percent funded by the Philippine government. We accepted about 10 engineers or students from the Philippines for 4 years as graduate students in Japan and worked together with them in satellite development, operation and data analysis. We also started a Myanmar project with 100 percent budgetary support by the Myanmar government, though the project is now suspended due to the unfortunate situation in that country. In order to realize the next-generation space utilization, we established Asian Micro-satellite Consortium, involving 17 universities/institutions from 9 countries. The most important concept of this consortium is “sharing”, namely, sharing technology, data obtained by satellite, and methods of data analysis. If each country holds 5 satellites and 10 countries get together, we could share the machine time of 50 satellites, which enables almost continuous monitoring for any place in the world, using our target pointing technique. Member countries will provide shutter opportunities each other without exchanging money for public purposes, such as disaster monitoring or measurement of climate change. On the other hand, the spectral images captured by the advanced sensor can be used also for business, such as agriculture, fisheries and mining, by private sectors funded under the international alliance. This low-cost and effective system will realize the safety and improvement of the lives of all people in the world and the promotion of the cutting-edge industries, being independent from superpowers or IT giants.


Photo of Avit K. Bhowmik

Avit K. Bhowmik

Assistant Professor, PhD
Risk and Environmental Studies,
Karlstad University

Dr. Avit Bhowmik is an environmental scientist and climate solutionist. He is an Assistant Professor of Risk and Environmental Studies at Karlstad University, Sweden and the Lead Researcher of Exponential Roadmap Initiative. His current work focuses on the exponential transformation of societies into sustainability, to solve climate change – the greatest problem of our time. Besides his engagement with the climate and sustainability research and policy arena, Avit advises and assists industries, business and municipalities in developing their climate action plans. He is an author of the “1.5C Business Playbook” and several reports to the United Nations Climate Action Summits. 

Exponential Climate Action Roadmaps for Industries and Business – Why, with what and how?
Exponential climate action – halving emissions every decade starting from 2021 through to 2050 (by when emissions should be zero) – will be decisive for whether or not we will achieve the targets of the Paris Agreement. Industries and businesses will play a key role in this major sustainability transformation process. In my presentation, I will motivate why industries and businesses should adopt exponential climate action roadmaps, outline the market ready and scalable solutions they can implement to accelerate climate action, and set four steps that can lead the industries and businesses to exponential reductions of greenhouse gas emissions.


Photo of Shigenori Fujikawa

Shigenori Fujikawa

Professor
International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research, Kyushu University

A New Strategy of Negative Carbon Emissions by membranes for Ubiquitous CO2 capture
Climate change caused by emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is a most important issue for our society. The anthropogenic nature of climate change necessitates development of novel technological solutions in order to reverse the current CO2 trajectory. Direct capture of the carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air (direct air capture, DAC) is one among a variety of negative emission technologies that are expected to keep global warming below 1.5 °C, as recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC).

Current DAC technologies are mainly based on sorbent-based systems where CO2 is trapped in the solution or on the surface of the porous solids covered with the compounds with high CO2 affinity. These processes are currently rather expensive, although the cost is expected to go down as the technologies developed and deployed at scale.
CO2 capture by permselective membranes is advantageous because of its smaller and simpler set-up. Unfortunately, its efficiency is less than satisfactory for the practical operation of the DAC. Among polymeric membrane materials, rubbery poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) is known to display high CO2 permeance and ultimate thinning of PDMS membranes is a promising and straight forward way to prepare high CO2 flux membranes.

We developed defect-free, free-standing nanomembranes of PDMS, and discuss the effect of the membrane thickness on the gas permeance by using precisely defined nanometer-thick PDMS membranes systematically. Throughout the efforts on ultimate thinning of PDMS membranes, our achieved CO2 permeance reaches almost 40,000 GPU (the highest one ever reported) and reasonable CO2/N2 selectivity at the thickness of 34 nm without a gas leak from pinholes. This value is much higher than those reported by other groups in the past (less than several thousand). Furthermore, the separation is achieved even at a CO2 concentration of 1,000 ppm in N2, which has never been investigated under such ultra-diluted concentration conditions in past reports. The advantages of extremely efficient separation of CO2 found in our result demonstrates the feasibility of direct air capture by a membrane, which has never been considered before.


Photo of Ayyoob Sharifi

Ayyoob Sharifi

Associate Professor
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University

Climate-induced stressors to peace
Climate change is increasingly recognized as a threat to global peace and security. This presentation intends to provide a better understanding of the nature of interactions between climate change and events that undermine peace, through a systematic review of recent literature. It highlights major methodological approaches adopted in the literature, elaborates on the geographic focus of the research at the nexus of climate change and peace, and provides further information on how various climatic stressors such as extreme temperature, floods, sea-level rise, storms, and water stress may be  linked to different events that undermine peace (e.g., civil conflict, crime, intercommunal violence, interstate conflict, political conflict, and social conflict) through direct and indirect pathways.

In line with previous reviews, results show that the literature is mainly focused on certain regions of the world and several major regions that have experienced numerous conflicts over the past few years and/or are vulnerable to adverse climatic events are understudied. Also, there is an unbalanced attention to different climatic stressors and peace-related events. Interactions between water stress/extreme temperature and civil and interstate conflicts have received more attention. A major finding is that, only under certain conditions climatic stressors may act as driving forces or aggravating factors. In fact, there is a strong consensus that climate change is less likely to undermine peace in isolation from a wide range of contextual socio-economic and institutional factors such as political instability, poor governance, poverty, homogeneous livelihood structures, and ethnic fractionalization. However, such contextual factors can contribute to undermining peace via either direct or indirect pathways. The former may occur through direct psychological/physiological effects of climatic impacts or via competition over scarce resources. In contrast, in indirect pathways climate change may lead to conflict through diminishing livelihood capacities and/or inducing migration. In addition to synthesizing literature on contextual factors and direct/indirect pathways, the review identifies gaps that need further research.